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Saudi Arabia imposes strict limits on this yr’s hajj, dashing the hopes of many pilgrims.

Yearly, Saudi Arabia performs host to tens of millions of Muslims from around the globe participating within the pilgrimage to Mecca referred to as the hajj. It’s a sacred ceremony for Muslims and a dependable supply of earnings for the Saudi financial system and of status for its monarchy.

However not this yr.

The dominion introduced on Monday that the hajj, which is happening subsequent month, would welcome “very restricted numbers” of pilgrims to stop the unfold of the coronavirus.

In a press release printed by the state-run Saudi Press Company, the Ministry of Hajj and Umrah, which oversees the pilgrimage, stated the occasion would enable solely Saudi pilgrims and people from different international locations already inside the dominion.

The ministry didn’t specify the goal attendance, however the limitations will certainly make this yr’s pilgrimage a lot smaller than these lately, which have been huge.

In 2019, 2.49 million pilgrims took half within the hajj, in line with the Saudi General Authority for Statistics, and 1.86 million of them got here from overseas.

The diminished numbers might strike an enormous monetary blow to a kingdom already reeling from low oil costs and an financial slowdown attributable to the lockdown. The holy cities of Mecca and Medina are more likely to be particularly arduous hit.

For the numerous Muslims planning to make the pilgrimage, it’s going to even be a significant disappointment. The hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam, and a journey each Muslim who is ready should undertake as soon as in a lifetime.

Muslims who’ve spent years saving for the journey and jockeying for bookings will now have to attend till subsequent yr to strive once more.

President Trump on Monday signed a proclamation briefly suspending work visas and barring greater than half one million foreigners from coming to work in the US, a part of a broad effort by the administration to dramatically restrict entry into the nation throughout the financial downturn attributable to the coronavirus pandemic.

The restrictions would block entry into the US underneath the H-1B visa program for high-skilled staff, and would additionally have an effect on a number of different classes of visas, though it might exempt well being care professionals and farm staff, amongst others. Taken collectively, senior administration officers stated, the employee visa bans and inexperienced card suspensions would forestall 525,000 immigrants from working in the US between now and the tip of the yr.

The order, which has been anticipated for a number of weeks, is fiercely opposed by a broad swathe of companies — together with excessive tech firms in Silicon Valley, producers, and others — whose leaders say it’s going to block their skill to recruit critically wanted staff from abroad international locations for jobs that Individuals can not or is not going to carry out.

Stephen Miller, the architect of the president’s restrictive immigration insurance policies, has pushed for years to restrict or get rid of the employee visas, arguing that they hurt employment prospects for Individuals. In latest months, he has argued that the financial misery attributable to the virus has made it much more necessary to show off the spigot of international entry into the US.

In April, the president signed an govt order that suspended for 60 days the issuance of inexperienced playing cards to foreigners seeking to dwell in the US. However on the time, Mr. Miller and the president bowed to stress from the enterprise group to keep away from imposing limits on employee visas.

Monday’s order extends the green-card prohibition along with suspending the issuance of most of the employee visas, which can be efficient via the tip of the yr. As well as, the administration officers stated that the president would order new laws to completely change employee visas sooner or later in order that international job provides go to extra extremely paid, highly-skilled staff that can compete much less with Individuals.

Because the virus spreads at report speeds around the globe, the United States accounted for 20 p.c of all the brand new infections worldwide on Sunday, in line with New York Times data, even because the nation’s inhabitants makes up about 4.3 percent of the world’s.

New circumstances continued to surge over the weekend in 22 states, particularly within the West and the South. Oklahoma and Missouri reported their largest single-day case will increase but on Sunday.

Over the weekend, Florida additionally handed 100,000 circumstances in accordance the state’s health department and the surgeon normal there started formally advising that every one residents put on face coverings “in any state of affairs the place social distancing shouldn’t be attainable.” In Miami, Mayor Francis Suarez went additional on Monday, making it a requirement that residents put on masks in public, efficient instantly.

In Washington’s Yakima County, the place the variety of circumstances has greater than doubled up to now month, the state of affairs is dire. Gov. Jay Inslee stated the county was at a “breaking level.” With a scarcity of hospital beds, sufferers had been being taken to Seattle, greater than two hours away, for medical care. Yakima hospitals are additionally reporting important staffing shortages due to staff who’re sick with the virus or are underneath a 14-day quarantine after being uncovered.

Within the wake of one other record-setting day for brand spanking new circumstances, Dr. Michael Ryan, the manager director of the W.H.O.’s well being emergencies program, stated on Monday that elevated testing was not driving the surge in circumstances.

“We don’t consider that it is a testing phenomenon,” he stated. “Clearly, hospital admissions are additionally rising in plenty of international locations, deaths are additionally rising, and they don’t seem to be as a result of enhance testing, per se. So there positively is a shift within the sense that the virus is now very effectively established on the international stage.”

The declaration comes two days after Mr. Trump advised supporters at a political rally in Tulsa, Okla., that he had urged U.S. officers to slow down testing for the virus. Mr. Trump has attributed the latest upswing of circumstances in the US to elevated testing.

Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the director normal of the W.H.O., stated on Monday that greater than 183,000 new circumstances worldwide had been reported within the final 24-hour interval, “simply probably the most in a single day up to now.”

He additionally warned international locations to not make the virus a political difficulty, significantly as infections worldwide are on the rise.

“We all know the pandemic is a lot greater than a well being disaster — it’s an financial disaster, a social disaster and in lots of international locations a political disaster,” Dr. Tedros stated. Although he didn’t name out particular international locations, the virus has turn out to be politically contentious in a number of international locations, together with the United States, the place the White House has begun rolling again its personal virus-related precautions, and Brazil.

Over the weekend, Brazil grew to become the second nation to log greater than 50,000 virus-related deaths. New circumstances throughout the nation proceed to spike, significantly in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Some epidemiologists say if that pattern continues, Brazil could top the United States for probably the most virus-related deaths by late July.

The case and demise counts in Mexico additionally proceed to rise, prompting officials in Mexico City — which has seen the brunt of the infections — to carry off on plans to reopen malls and outside markets.

In Germany, which was praised for shortly implementing lockdowns and large-scale testing, a recent increase in infections has been tied to the nation’s largest pork processing plant, which has recorded greater than 1,300 circumstances amongst staff.

Elements of Africa are additionally turning into international scorching spots, after being largely spared from the virus earlier this yr. South Africa is now seeing a mean of 1,000 new circumstances a day, and virus-related deaths in Egypt are on the rise.

Leaders of native and state well being departments have been topic to harassment, private insults and demise threats in latest weeks, a barrage of abuse from a vocal and indignant section of the inhabitants who say that masks necessities and restrictions on companies have gone too far.

The steadily escalating threats prompted one prime well being official, Dr. Barbara Ferrer, the director of the Los Angeles County Division of Public Well being, to difficulty a press release on Monday condemning assaults on public well being administrators and disclosing that she has been residing with repeated threats to her security.

“In my case, the demise threats began final month, throughout a Covid-19 Fb Reside public briefing when somebody very casually recommended that I ought to be shot,” Dr. Ferrer stated in a press release. “I didn’t instantly see the message, however my husband did, my youngsters did, and so did my colleagues.”

“It’s deeply worrisome,” she added, “to think about that our hardworking infectious illness physicians, nurses, epidemiologists and environmental well being specialists or any of our different group members must face this stage of hatred.”

Many public well being officers entered the coronavirus pandemic this yr with bare-bones staffing and strained budgets, leaving them ill-prepared to deal with the mounting disaster.

Lori Tremmel Freeman, the chief govt of the Nationwide Affiliation of County and Metropolis Well being Officers, stated in an interview final week that dozens of prime well being officers have resigned or been fired because the pandemic started.

“There’s an enormous purple goal on their backs,” she stated. “They’re turning into villainized for his or her steering. In regular occasions, they’re very trusted members of their group.”

international roundup

Germany scrambles to include an outbreak on the nation’s largest pork processing plant.

Germany is scrambling to include a fast-growing outbreak within the nation’s largest pork processing plant.

The authorities have confirmed 1,331 new circumstances amongst staff on the Tönnies plant within the northwestern city of Rheda-Wiedenbrück within the final week. The encircling group has been quarantined and faculties and day care facilities have been closed. State and federal well being staff and troopers had been deployed to hold out large-scale testing.

Some staff blamed a scarcity of security measures and area to follow social distancing. A video launched in early April, apparently recorded by a employee, confirmed a crowded cafeteria. The state prosecutor stated he was contemplating opening an investigation.

With the brand new circumstances, the nation’s R0, or “r-naught,” which represents the variety of new infections estimated to stem from a single case, shot as much as 2.7 on Monday, a quantity not seen since a nationwide shutdown that began in March lowered the speed. However the nationwide well being authority, the Robert Koch Institute, cautioned that the R0 was excessive exactly as a result of the variety of circumstances remained comparatively low.

In different worldwide information:

  • India’s underfunded hospitals have begun to buckle because the nation stories more infections per day than any nation in addition to the US and Brazil. Individuals in determined want of therapy are being turned away, particularly in New Delhi. Scores have died within the streets or at the back of ambulances.

  • A prime well being official in South Korea, Jeong Eun-kyeong, stated that the nation had been battling a “second wave” since early Might, however that the caseload remained too small to qualify as a real “wave.” South Korea has reported new circumstances within the double digits in latest weeks, after recording as many as 800 circumstances a day a number of months in the past.

  • Native authorities in Spain on Monday had been compelled to reimpose lockdown restrictions in some municipalities of Huesca, a northeastern province, after new clusters of infections surfaced, together with one amongst seasonal farm staff. The step again got here solely a day after Spain lifted a nationwide state of emergency.

  • French faculties opened their doorways in earnest after weeks of incremental steps, although solely two weeks stay earlier than the summer time break. Jean-Michel Blanquer, the training minister, told France Inter radio that confinement had been a “international training disaster” for college kids, and vowed that those that had dropped behind throughout the lockdown would obtain particular help.

  • Hundreds of Palestinians, many carrying masks and gloves, gathered within the West Financial institution to display towards the prospect of Israeli annexation. Mai Kaila, the well being minister of the Palestinian Authority, emphasised the urgency of the protest. “Our folks know in regards to the risks of the coronavirus, however they needed to ship a message to the entire worldwide group towards annexation,” she stated. A whole lot of recent virus circumstances have been recorded within the West Financial institution up to now week, bringing the entire just below 1,000.

  • The United Nations Normal Meeting will conduct its annual assembly just about for the primary time this September, and world leaders are anticipated to ship their speeches by way of prerecorded video statements, the president of the 193-member group stated Monday. The president didn’t rule out the likelihood that some leaders could select to talk in particular person.


New York Metropolis begins a brand new part of reopening: workplaces.

Two weeks after it started easing virus restrictions, New York Metropolis reached one other main milestone on Monday, as workplaces had been allowed to open and as many as 300,000 folks had been expected to return to work in person.

Part 2 of reopening additionally permits for outside eating, some in-store procuring, hair salons, barbershops and actual property work.

At his every day briefing on Monday, Mayor Invoice de Blasio referred to as it “an enormous step for this metropolis.”

“That is the place most of our financial system is,” he stated.

Nonetheless, with workplaces required to restrict their most capability to make sure social distancing, the variety of folks returning to work seemed to be a fraction of those that as soon as jostled elbows on crowded subways and in high-rise elevators.

“It’s good to get again to sort of regular, regardless that it’s not 100 p.c regular,” stated Kiki Boyzuick, 45, who works in human assets in Midtown Manhattan.

On Monday morning, a time when Midtown would sometimes be filled with staff, the sidewalks remained largely vacant and the subway vehicles nonetheless felt comparatively empty.

The mayor stated that whereas some companies could be reluctant to reopen their workplaces in the summertime, he would encourage them to deliver staff again within the fall.

“The extra that folks see it’s working, the extra folks will wish to come again,” he stated. “I feel numerous companies will say, ‘We simply can not get carried out this work as effectively if folks don’t spend extra time collectively.’”

In a survey carried out this month by the Partnership for New York Metropolis, a enterprise group, respondents from 60 firms with Manhattan workplaces predicted that solely 10 p.c of their staff would return by Aug. 15.

At Fancy Wave Salon in Flushing, Queens, hairstylists wore face shields, gloves and masks as they attended to their shoppers’ hair. Derrick Chan, the proprietor, stated he was thrilled to reopen.

“We needed to just about keep dwelling, no earnings,” he stated. “That’s why you must save up for the wet days.”

Right here’s what else is occurring within the area:

  • Extra riders returned to public transportation throughout Part 1 in New York Metropolis than transit officers had anticipated. On the subway, every day ridership has climbed to 17 p.c of pre-pandemic ranges, when ridership exceeded 5 million. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority expects as many as two million folks throughout Part 2.

  • Regarding Phase 3, Mr. de Blasio stated Monday the town would wait the state-mandated minimal of two weeks, and that officers would wish to see specific proof of the outbreak easing.

    “It’s going to be in fact the next bar as a result of to do one thing right here impacts so many tens of millions of individuals,” he stated.

  • Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo of New York said Monday on CNN that he was discussing, with the governors of New Jersey and Connecticut, what to do about vacationers coming from different states recording will increase in circumstances, at the same time as he described a quarantine by Florida imposed on New Yorkers in March as “extra political than anything.”

    “I wouldn’t goal a selected state,” he stated. “I’d contemplate states with the very best transmission price, that if someone comes from that state to New York, there’s a interval of quarantine the place they quarantine themselves to ensure they’re not spreading it.”

  • Since February, the backlog of pending circumstances in New York Metropolis’s prison courts has risen by almost a 3rd — to 39,200. The justice system has been limping together with digital hearings, however officials are struggling with how to restart trials and grand jury proceedings.

  • In New York State, there have been 10 extra virus-related deaths, Mr. Cuomo said Monday. In New Jersey, 27 extra folks had died, Gov. Philip D. Murphy stated.

  • Casinos in New Jersey might reopen at 25 p.c capability on July 2, Mr. Murphy stated, with different restrictions to be introduced quickly.

The White Home on Monday started easing virus-related restrictions it has had in place since March, even because the Trump marketing campaign introduced that two extra marketing campaign aides had examined optimistic.

Temperature checks on the advanced can be scaled again, permitting many White Home employees members who’ve been working remotely to return to their workplaces. And the cafeteria within the Eisenhower Government Workplace Constructing, throughout the road from the West Wing, can be reopened.

However assuring that Mr. Trump and Vice President Mike Pence is not going to be uncovered to the virus by guests stays a precedence.

“Each employees member and visitor in shut proximity to the president and vp continues to be being temperature-checked, requested symptom histories and examined,” Judd Deere, a White Home spokesman, stated in a press release.

Mr. Deere stated that White Home officers would proceed to follow social distancing, use hand sanitizer and put on face masks on a voluntary foundation, and that the work areas could be deep cleaned often.

In saying the brand new tips, the White Home adopted the lead of the Metropolis of Washington, which started the second part of its reopening on Monday.

The White Home tips additionally replicate Mr. Trump’s emphasis on returning to regular. They had been put in place simply days after he staged a “comeback” rally in Tulsa, Okla., the place he tried to pack an indoor enviornment with 19,000 folks.

Tim Murtaugh, a marketing campaign spokesman, stated in a press release on Monday that the 2 staffers who had examined optimistic “attended the rally however had been carrying masks throughout your entire occasion.”

“Upon the optimistic exams, the marketing campaign instantly activated established quarantine and speak to tracing protocols,” he added.

The information delivered to eight the variety of Trump marketing campaign advance staffers who’ve examined optimistic in latest days. Six aides who had labored on the occasion had examined optimistic on Saturday, hours earlier than the rally, and didn’t attend. The rally drew 6,200 folks, in line with the Tulsa Hearth Division.

Democrats pounced on Monday on Mr. Trump’s declare throughout the Tulsa rally that he had requested his “folks” to “gradual the testing down” so they could discover fewer circumstances, urgent prime administration officers on Monday to offer information and inside assessments associated to the sharp uptick in circumstances throughout the nation.

Consultant James E. Clyburn, Democrat of South Carolina and the chairman of a particular virus oversight committee, wrote to Mr. Pence and prime well being officers asking for particulars on what the Trump administration was doing to manage the unfold.

“No American ought to go untested as a result of the president fears an correct depend of infections, and there’s nothing ‘overblown’ about saving American lives,” Mr. Clyburn wrote.

Clusters across the U.S. have been more and more linked with social and non secular gathering locations.

As elements of the nation tentatively reopen, clusters of circumstances have unfold from probably the most extensively recognized areas — like meatpacking vegetation, nursing properties and prisons — to areas which have gotten far much less consideration.

4 individuals who hung out at Cruisin’ Chubbys Gents’s Membership, a Wisconsin strip membership, not too long ago examined optimistic. In Colorado, at the least 11 employees members at Eagle Lake In a single day Camp got here down with the virus earlier than any campers confirmed up, main the camp to shut for the remainder of the summer time.

Different clusters have been linked to fraternity rush events in Mississippi. Officers stated these gatherings appeared to violate guidelines that ban indoor gatherings of greater than 20 folks except social distancing steps are taken.

And in Connecticut, the town of New Haven shut down a nightclub that the authorities stated hosted a gathering of about 1,000 folks on Saturday evening in its parking zone, violating orders on the scale of gatherings.

Many patrons of the membership, 50’s Lounge, weren’t carrying masks and weren’t practising social distancing, in line with pictures and movies that had been posted on social media. One of many membership’s homeowners wrote in a Facebook post that the shutdown was racially motivated and that folks of shade had been seen as public nuisances. The patrons had been predominantly African-American.

Church buildings, whose reopenings have been debated, are additionally rising as sources of main clusters across the nation. Not less than 236 circumstances had been not too long ago linked to Lighthouse Pentecostal Church in Oregon.

Consultants say clusters will possible proceed to crop up as folks come into extra contact with each other.

“Reopening is a part of the story,” stated Dr. Arnold S. Monto, a professor of epidemiology on the College of Michigan College of Public Well being, who famous that as states get again to enterprise, extra folks can be in danger. However the virus can be notoriously erratic, he stated, leaving sure folks extra more likely to transmit it than others.

“You have got people who’re tremendous spreaders,” he stated, not as a result of they’re irresponsible, however as a result of there’s something completely different in how their physique reacts to the virus. “It’s a organic phenomenon we don’t perceive.”

In different U.S. information:

  • Because the pandemic erodes the financial system and civil unrest sweeps the nation, state universities, attempting to reverse years of brain drain, are attracting college students newly centered on household and group over status. At Montclair State College in New Jersey, 16 college students utilized to switch again from out of state, and half have accepted provides of admission.

  • The Meals and Drug Administration is warning shoppers to avoid nine hand sanitizer products manufactured in Mexico as a result of, it stated, they could include methanol, which might be poisonous if absorbed via the pores and skin or ingested.

Federal assist has averted poverty for tens of millions within the U.S., research say.

The research carry necessary caveats. Many Individuals have suffered starvation or different hardships amid lengthy delays in receiving the help, and far of the help is scheduled to run out subsequent month. Tens of millions of individuals have been excluded from receiving any assist, particularly undocumented migrants, who typically have American youngsters.

Nonetheless, the proof means that the applications Congress unexpectedly licensed in March have carried out a lot to guard the needy, a discovering more likely to form the talk over subsequent steps at a time when 13.three p.c of Individuals stay unemployed.

“Proper now, the protection internet is doing what it’s imagined to do for many households — serving to them safe a minimally respectable life,” stated Zachary Parolin, a member of the Columbia College group forecasting this yr’s poverty price. “Given the magnitude of the employment loss, that is actually outstanding.’’

The Columbia group’s midrange forecast has poverty rising solely barely this yr, to 12.7 p.c, from 12.5 p.c earlier than the virus. With out the March legislation that supplied one-time checks to most Individuals and weekly bonuses to the unemployed, it might have reached 16.three p.c, the researchers discovered. That may have pushed almost 12 million extra folks into poverty.

A separate examine analyzing Census Bureau survey information discovered that incomes rose amongst needy Individuals in April, regardless of cresting unemployment, as authorities funds started.

That examine, by researchers on the College of Chicago and Notre Dame, estimated that poverty in April and Might fell to eight.6 p.c for the earlier 12 months, from 10.9 p.c in January and February. (They use a special census definition of poverty than the Columbia group.)

At present, remdesivir is given intravenously, which restricts its use to hospitals. Gilead’s inhalable model of the therapy could be administered via a nebulizer, a tool typically used to deal with bronchial asthma sufferers, that sends a mist of therapeutic liquid into the airway. Gilead scientists hope {that a} extra handy therapy may very well be utilized by sufferers at varied phases of an infection.

Nebulizers are extra generally accessible than IV tools, stated Angela Rasmussen, a virologist at Columbia College. “Just about each outpatient pressing care clinic has them.” She stated that the machine might doubtlessly be used to right away deal with individuals who have examined optimistic however lack signs.

Remdesivir, which interferes with virus replication, is the primary drug to point out effectiveness towards the coronavirus in human trials. It was given Emergency Use Authorization by the Meals and Drug Administration on Might 1, permitting physicians to manage the drug to Covid-19 sufferers. However the drug has not but been permitted, and its security and efficacy are at the moment being investigated in a number of scientific trials.

Starting this week, wholesome volunteers can be screened for participation in Part I trials, which is able to take a look at for security. Covid-19 sufferers are anticipated to hitch the lineup as early as August.

Tradition and Sports activities Roundup

The Golden Globes picked a later date for his or her 2021 occasion, a date the Oscars deserted.

The 2021 Golden Globes will take place on Feb. 28, a date that the Oscars abandoned last week in pushing its ceremony again. That permits the Globes to retain its place earlier than the Oscars within the calendar.

The Hollywood International Press Affiliation, the small group of journalists that arms out the Globes, didn’t say how the date would have an effect on eligibility of movie and tv collection, which usually adheres to the calendar yr. In different tradition and sports activities information:

  • The P.G.A. Championship introduced that golf’s first main championship this yr would proceed with out spectators Aug. 6 to 9 at T.P.C. Harding Park in San Francisco. Initially scheduled for Might, the occasion could be the primary golf main of 2020 contested with out followers, however doubtlessly not the final.

  • The Orlando Pleasure withdrew on Monday from the National Women’s Soccer League Challenge Cup after a number of employees members and gamers examined optimistic with out specifying what number of. The group stated that nobody displayed signs.

  • An exhibition tennis tournament organized by the top-ranked males’s participant, Novak Djokovic, is inflicting panic in Zadar, Croatia, which had no confirmed infections till it hosted a leg of the competitors, the place there weren’t social distancing protocols. Now the gamers Grigor Dimitrov and Borna Coric and two coaches have confirmed infections.

  • Wednesday is the deadline for N.B.A. gamers to inform their groups whether or not they want to withdraw from participation when play resumes July 7 on the Walt Disney World Resort. The speed of confirmed circumstances in Orange County, Fla., the place the resort is, has risen considerably during the last week.

Right here’s how home work can safely resume.

As communities start to reopen, many individuals are questioning when it will likely be protected for babysitters and housekeepers to return to work. Listed here are some tips about how home staff and their employers can keep protected.

Reporting was contributed by Ian Austen, Brooks Barnes, Julie Bosman, Aurelien Breeden, Christopher Clarey, Choe Sang-Hun, Troy Closson, Michael Crowley, Luis Ferré-Sadurní, Jeffrey Gettleman, Rick Gladstone, Michael Gold, James Gorman, Andrew Higgins, Ben Hubbard, Annie Karni, Jeré Longman, Iliana Magra, Raphael Minder, Heather Murphy, Joe Orovic, Matt Phillips, Tariq Panja, Suhasini Raj, Adam Rasgon, Dagny Salas, Christopher F. Schuetze, Nate Schweber, Michael D. Shear, Daniel E. Slotnik, Megan Specia, Mitch Smith, Marc Stein, Eileen Sullivan, Lucy Tomkins, Neil Vigdor, Katherine J. Wu, Mihir Zaveri and Karen Zraick.

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