Coronavirus Live Updates: Trump Lashes Out Over Criticism; Governors Weigh Reopening Plans


Trump defends his response with a campaign-style video and assaults on the information media as Fauci seeks to make clear his remarks.

President Trump on Monday sought to defend himself towards criticism of his sluggish preliminary response to the pandemic, utilizing a White Home briefing to point out a campaign-style video reel of cable hits of reporters and Democratic governors complimenting his resolution to institute journey restrictions on China, and of different consultants enjoying down the specter of the coronavirus.

“I did a ban on China, you assume that was straightforward?” Mr. Trump mentioned, lashing out at information reporters who raised questions on what steps the administration took in February to sluggish the unfold of the virus.

He defended his response broadly, claiming that “the whole lot we did was proper.”

The combative presentation got here simply after Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the federal authorities’s high infectious illnesses specialist, walked again remarks that have been interpreted as vital of Mr. Trump. Dr. Fauci mentioned he had been responding to a “hypothetical query” when he mentioned over the weekend that extra lives might have been saved had the federal government moved earlier to close down faculties, companies and different gatherings.

Dr. Fauci’s unique feedback, in an interview on CNN, have been seen by some as a veiled criticism of Mr. Trump, and on Sunday night time the president retweeted a message that mentioned, “Time to #FireFauci” — main the White Home to situation a press release on Monday saying that the president had no intention of firing him.

On Monday night time Dr. Fauci moved to scrub up the controversy. “There have been interpretations of that response to a hypothetical query,” he mentioned, including that he wished to make clear what he meant.

Dr. Fauci mentioned that mitigation insurance policies — limiting giant gatherings, and inspiring social distancing — save lives, and will save extra lives the sooner they’re put into place. He added that Mr. Trump had taken his recommendation when he and Dr. Deborah Birx, the coordinator of the White Home coronavirus activity power, beneficial that he situation tips asking People to remain residence.

The weird White Home assertion was issued to allay considerations that Mr. Trump may search to sideline the veteran scientist on the very second when the president is making an attempt to craft a plan to reopen the nation amid the continued pandemic, which has killed more than 22,000 Americans.

Mr. Trump mentioned on the briefing that he didn’t intend to fireplace Dr. Fauci. “I’m not firing him — I believe he’s a beautiful man,” Mr. Trump mentioned. Requested about his publish on Twitter, he downplayed its significance: “I retweeted someone, I don’t know.”

Two teams of governors, one on the East Coast and one on the West Coast, introduced Monday that they have been forming regional working teams to assist plan when it will be protected to start to ease coronavirus-related restrictions to reopen their economies.

Their bulletins got here hours after President Trump, who has expressed impatience to reopen the economic system, wrote on Twitter that such a call lies with the president, not the states.

“Properly, seeing as we had the duty for closing the state down,” Gov. Tom Wolf of Pennsylvania mentioned, “I believe we in all probability have the first duty for opening it up.”

He joined the governors of Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York and Rhode Island on a convention name, the place they agreed to create a committee of public well being officers, financial growth officers and their chiefs of workers to work collectively as they resolve when to ease the restrictions they’ve put in place to sluggish the unfold of the virus. They mentioned they didn’t essentially anticipate to behave collectively or to create a one-size-fits-all answer, however they pressured the necessity for regional cooperation.

On the West Coast, the governors of California, Oregon and Washington additionally introduced Monday what they known as a Western States Pact to work collectively on a joint strategy to reopening economies. They mentioned that whereas every state would have its personal particular plan, the states would construct out a West Coast technique that would come with the right way to management the virus sooner or later. “Our states will solely be efficient by working collectively,” they mentioned in a joint assertion.

Gov. Gavin Newsom of California mentioned on Monday that he had been in discussions with the opposite governors to coordinate efforts on the West Coast. He mentioned that on Tuesday he would define the “California-based considering” on reopening and promised it will be guided by “info,” “proof” and “science.”

The stay-at-home orders which have saved a overwhelming majority of People indoors were issued state by state, by their governors. The president did situation nonbinding tips urging a pause in every day life via the top of the month; in some states that had resisted such measures, together with Florida, his enter helped spur governors to behave. If the federal authorities have been to situation new steerage saying it was protected to calm down these measures or outlining a path towards reopening, many states would most definitely observe or really feel great stress from their companies and constituents to calm down restrictions.

However Mr. Trump, who mentioned Friday that the choice of when to reopen the nation can be the most important he would ever make, mentioned Monday that the choice for the president, not the governors, to make.

“The president of the US calls the photographs,” Mr. Trump mentioned in a briefing on the White Home. He added that he would work with the states, including that he believed they have been anxious to reopen after they can. “When somebody is president of the US, the authority is complete.”

Nonetheless, a number of of the governors who spoke Monday made it clear that they didn’t intend to let companies of their states reopen till consultants and information advised it will be protected to take action. They famous that their fates have been sure by geography. “The truth is that this virus doesn’t care about state borders, and our response shouldn’t both,” Gov. Gina Raimondo of Rhode Island mentioned.

“We are able to put collectively a system that permits our folks to get again to work,” Gov. Ned Lamont of Connecticut mentioned. However he warned towards reopening too quickly and risking a second wave of infections.

In Texas, Gov. Greg Abbott mentioned Monday that he was working intently with the White Home on his plan to reopen the state’s companies. He known as for a staggered strategy wherein companies which have a minimal impression on the unfold of the virus would open up first.

“This isn’t going to be a rush-the-gates” scenario, mentioned Mr. Abbott, who has been criticized for making Texas one of many final states to situation a statewide stay-at-home order.

Earlier on Monday, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo mentioned New York’s identified loss of life toll had exceeded 10,000, with 671 folks dying on Sunday. Almost 2,000 extra folks have been hospitalized on Sunday — an enormous quantity, although decrease than earlier tallies — and there have been fewer intubations. However at the same time as he hinted that he believed that “the worst is over,” he warned the situation would worsen if New Yorkers behaved recklessly.

“Not as unhealthy because it has been prior to now, however principally flat, and principally flat at a horrific degree of ache and grief and sorrow,” Mr. Cuomo mentioned.

There are greater than 500,000 confirmed instances in the US and greater than 23,000 folks useless, in response to a New York Occasions database. In a single case, a sailor assigned to the aircraft carrier Theodore Roosevelt died of complications stemming from the virus, in response to Navy officers. It was the primary loss of life for the ship’s crew, which numbers greater than 4,800.

Mr. Trump is in a rush to elevate restrictions, satisfied that the transfer will rocket the economic system out of a deep recession.

Firms say in any other case. So does all kinds of financial and survey information, which suggests the economic system will recuperate slowly even after the federal government begins to ease limits on public gatherings and permit sure eating places and different closed retailers to reopen.

U.S. shares slipped on Monday, a retreat that adopted one in all Wall Avenue’s finest weeks in a long time, as buyers weighed the implications of a deal to cut oil production and awaited the discharge of quarterly earnings experiences from company America. The S&P 500 fell about 1 p.c.

The proof suggests it’s not simply stay-at-home orders and different authorities restrictions which have chilled financial exercise in the US over the past month: It’s additionally a behavioral response from employees and customers fearful of contracting the virus.

Some authorities officers have been cautioning that the restart wouldn’t occur immediately and equally nationwide.

Dr. Robert Redfield, the director of the Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention, mentioned Monday that he anticipated the reopening to play out “group by group, county by county,” however that the U.S. would first must “considerably increase our public well being capability to do early case identification, isolation and get in touch with tracing.”

“There’s little doubt that we now have to reopen appropriately,” Dr. Redfield mentioned on NBC’s “At the moment.” “It’s going to be a step-by-step, gradual course of. It’s bought to be data-driven.”

Even in locations with out lockdown orders, enterprise has suffered and unemployment has elevated as a result of People are avoiding eating places, airports and buying facilities on their very own accord to attenuate the danger of an infection.

Till People really feel extensively assured that the dangers of the virus have fallen — both via a testing system that far exceeds what’s at present out there or in the end through a vaccine — many economists and enterprise homeowners say there will likely be no financial rebound for the nation, no matter authorities restrictions.

One member of the Federal Reserve board warned that the method to reopen might take 18 months.

“This may very well be an extended, onerous highway that we now have forward of us till we get to both an efficient remedy or a vaccine,” Neel Kashkari, the president and chief govt of the Federal Reserve Financial institution of Minneapolis, mentioned Sunday on CBS.

The important thing will likely be having sufficient checks to separate those that have had the virus and those that haven’t, significantly discovering individuals who have the virus however are asymptomatic.

“We must always put together for the worst-case state of affairs,” Mr. Kashkari mentioned.

Peter Navarro, the White Home commerce adviser who was among the first to warn Mr. Trump in regards to the potential financial harm from the virus, is now warning {that a} extended shutdown may very well be extra detrimental to the U.S. than the virus itself.

“It’s disappointing that so most of the medical consultants and pundits pontificating within the press seem tone deaf to the very important losses of life and blows to American households which will consequence from an prolonged financial shutdown,” Mr. Navarro mentioned in an interview.

Enterprise homeowners like Walter Isenberg are amongst those that Mr. Trump has in thoughts when he talks about the necessity to reopen the economic system. Mr. Isenberg’s lodge and restaurant group in Denver has seen its revenues drop to $40,000 a day from $Three million a day final 12 months.

However Mr. Isenberg has no expectation that his firm, Sage Hospitality Group, will see the financial increase that Mr. Trump has promised, even after state officers enable his properties to start internet hosting clients once more.

“It’s simply going to be a really lengthy and sluggish restoration till such time as there’s a therapeutic answer or a vaccine,” Mr. Isenberg, who has furloughed greater than 5,000 of his 6,000 workers, mentioned in an interview. “I’m not a scientist, however I simply don’t see the psyche of individuals — I don’t see folks popping out of this and speeding out to begin touring and having massive conventions.”

Smithfield Meals mentioned Sunday that its plant in Sioux Falls, S.D., one of many nation’s largest pork processing services, would remain closed indefinitely on the urging of the governor and mayor after 293 employees examined optimistic for the virus.

The plant, which employs 3,700 employees and produces about 130 million servings of meals per week, is answerable for about half of the state’s complete variety of instances.

Meat manufacturing employees usually work elbow to elbow, cleansing and deboning merchandise in giant open areas full of lots of of individuals. The closure at Smithfield follows the halting of production at a number of different poultry and meat crops throughout the nation as employees have fallen unwell with Covid-19.

Many meat processing services have been hit onerous by the virus. Three employees have died at a Tyson Meals poultry plant in Camilla, Ga. Tyson additionally shut a pork plant in Iowa after an outbreak there amongst employees. JBS USA, the world’s largest meat processor, confirmed the loss of life of 1 employee at a Colorado facility and shuttered a plant in Pennsylvania for 2 weeks.

In a press release saying the closure, Smithfield’s chief govt warned that the closures have been threatening the U.S. meat provide. The shuttered plant produces about Four p.c to five p.c of the nation’s pork, Smithfield mentioned.

“The closure of this facility, mixed with a rising checklist of different protein crops which have shuttered throughout our trade, is pushing our nation perilously near the sting when it comes to our meat provide,” Kenneth M. Sullivan, the president and chief govt of Smithfield, warned in a statement.

He continued, “It’s inconceivable to maintain our grocery shops stocked if our crops are usually not operating.”

A number of meat processing firms are providing money bonuses to employees who proceed exhibiting up for work amid the pandemic. Staff have mentioned they really feel pressured to take action, even when they’re feeling unwell. Smithfield mentioned it will proceed paying Sioux Falls plant employees for 2 weeks, “and hopes to maintain them from becoming a member of the ranks of the tens of thousands and thousands of unemployed People throughout the nation.”

The Census Bureau will search a four-month delay.

Conceding that its effort to depend the nation’s inhabitants has been hamstrung by the pandemic, the Census Bureau mentioned Monday that it will ask Congress for a four-month delay in delivering the inhabitants information used to reapportion the Home of Representatives and political districts throughout the nation.

In a news release, the bureau mentioned the brand new deadline would imply that state legislatures would get closing figures for drawing new district maps as late as July 31, 2021. Supply of that information usually begins in February.

The bureau additionally mentioned it will prolong the deadline for gathering census information, now Aug. 15, to Oct. 31, and would start reopening its discipline places of work — which have been shuttered since mid-March — someday after June 1.

Democrats who oversee census operations on the Home Oversight and Reform Committee reacted cautiously to the information, which they mentioned was relayed early Monday to a handful of members of Congress in a phone name with officers from the White Home and the Commerce Division. The director of the census, Steven Dillingham, apparently didn’t take part within the name.

“The Oversight Committee will rigorously study the administration’s request, however we want extra info than the administration has been keen to supply,” the committee’s chairwoman, Consultant Carolyn B. Maloney of New York, mentioned in a press release. “If the administration is making an attempt to keep away from the notion of politicizing the census, stopping the census director from briefing the Committee after which excluding him from a name organized by the White Home are usually not encouraging strikes.”

The 2020 head depend has been mired in controversy for greater than two years, for the reason that administration tried to amend the census questionnaire so as to add a citizenship question, which was extensively seen as an effort to depress participation by immigrant communities with a view to give Republicans a political edge in subsequent 12 months’s redistricting.

Prime Democratic leaders on Monday doubled down on their insistence that any infusion of money for a brand new mortgage program to assist small companies affected by the pandemic should embody further funds for state and native governments, hospitals, meals help and speedy testing.

The calls for, reiterated by Speaker Nancy Pelosi of California and Senator Chuck Schumer of New York, the minority chief, is prone to additional delay a stalemate between lawmakers over what was supposed to be an interim emergency package deal earlier than one other broader stimulus package deal.

They got here as Democratic leaders introduced that the Home was pushing again its date for returning to Washington by two weeks, to Might 4. Consultant Steny Hoyer, Democrat of Maryland and the bulk chief, mentioned the Home would stay in recess till that date, “absent an emergency.”

Democrats on Thursday blocked a bid by Republicans to inject $250 billion of recent funding into the mortgage program, insisting on including cash for different priorities and situations to make sure the mortgage cash can be distributed to small companies that usually have hassle acquiring credit score. However Republicans refused, arguing that any further funding or coverage proposals ought to wait till future laws.

“Now we have actual issues dealing with this nation, and it’s time for the Republicans to stop the political posturing by proposing payments they know is not going to move both chamber and get critical and work with us towards an answer,” the Democratic leaders mentioned in a joint assertion.

Over the weekend, Republican leaders mentioned they might proceed to push for stand-alone funding for small companies. Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky and Consultant Kevin McCarthy of California criticized Democrats for what they known as a “reckless risk to proceed blocking job-saving funding except we renegotiate unrelated packages which aren’t in comparable peril.”

The congressional standoff comes as administration officers warn that the mortgage program, often known as the Paycheck Safety Program and created as a part of the $2 trillion financial stimulus legislation enacted final month, will quickly run out of funds, at the same time as companies say they’ve but to obtain a majority of the slated billions. The Nationwide Governors Affiliation on Saturday additionally known as on Congress to allocate a further $500 billion to states and governments to assist offset state income shortfalls, greater than double what Democrats initially demanded.

“Within the absence of unrestricted fiscal assist of a minimum of $500 billion from the federal authorities, states must confront the prospect of great reductions to critically vital providers all throughout this nation, hampering public well being, the financial restoration, and — in flip — our collective effort to get folks again to work,” the governors affiliation’s chairman, Gov. Larry Hogan of Maryland, a Republican, mentioned in a statement with its vice chairman, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo of New York, a Democrat.

The traces begin forming the night time earlier than, as folks with glassy eyes and violent coughs attempt to get examined earlier than the subsequent day’s provides run out. Within the darkness, they park their vehicles, minimize their engines and attempt to sleep.

The backlog for virus testing in New Jersey, the state with the second-highest caseload within the nation, has been getting worse, not higher, officers say.

To this point, New Jersey has performed over 115,000 tests, about one for each 75 residents. In New York Metropolis, the epicenter of the disaster, there may be about one for each 18. The checks are a vital instrument in measuring the illness’s unfold and a requirement for sure types of therapy. But they continue to be onerous to get, and plenty of are actively discouraged from making an attempt.

“It’s unequivocally worsening,” Gov. Philip D. Murphy of New Jersey said not too long ago.

Initially, the pressure got here from a scarcity of check kits, however now there are usually not sufficient nasal swabs or nurses. There’s a pileup on the labs themselves and a restricted provide of the chemical substances wanted to determine the virus.

Final Monday, Anita Holmes-Perez felt so sick that she requested her husband to drive her to a testing web site at 10:45 p.m. She spent the night time consistently adjusting her reclining automobile seat, mendacity down till the congestion in her chest compelled her to take a seat up once more.

She was battling a fever, a cough, dizziness and a sense of confusion. “Such as you don’t know the place you might be,” she mentioned.

When medical employees lastly took a pattern from her the subsequent morning, it will be shipped throughout the nation as a result of the native lab was too full. Three vans would take it a part of the best way. A aircraft, despatched on a detour by a storm, would take it additional. It will be days earlier than she bought a consequence. Till then, Ms. Holmes-Perez waited.

Twelve days earlier than hundreds gathered within the streets of New Orleans to rejoice Mardi Gras, Sarah A. Babcock, the director of coverage and emergency preparedness for town well being division, ready an inventory of bullet factors in regards to the troubling illness that had already sickened thousands in China however had only infected 13 identified sufferers in the US.

“The prospect of us getting somebody with coronavirus is low,” Ms. Babcock suggested group well being suppliers, in response to inside Metropolis of New Orleans emails obtained by Columbia College’s Brown Institute for Media Innovation and reviewed by The New York Occasions.

The projection proved to be terribly off-base, as New Orleans would quickly erupt into one of many largest scorching spots for the virus within the U.S., with one of many nation’s highest loss of life charges. Consultants now extensively agree that the Mardi Gras festivities likely served to accelerate the unfold of the extremely contagious illness.

However within the run-up to Mardi Gras Day, on Feb. 25, there have been nonetheless solely 15 confirmed instances of the virus within the nation. No main occasions have been being canceled wherever within the U.S., and “no crimson flags” had been raised by federal officers, town’s mayor mentioned in an interview on CNN.

Nonetheless, in response to the emails, metropolis and state officers have been planning each for the celebration and the virus’s eventual arrival, however these preparations have been primarily based on a misunderstanding of how the virus was spreading.

Because the parades started, issues appeared fantastic. A number of days later, the primary presumptive virus affected person was identified, and experiences surfaced of individuals in different states who had been to Mardi Gras testing optimistic for the virus.

Tornadoes and extreme thunderstorms killed a minimum of 29 folks within the South after raking throughout Mississippi and its neighbors on Sunday night time, dealing the area one other blow as virus infections mount.

Gov. Tate Reeves of Mississippi declared a state of emergency, and elements of Georgia, Tennessee and Arkansas have been additionally hit by tornadoes and extreme thunderstorms on Monday, the Nationwide Climate Service mentioned.

“This isn’t how anybody needs to rejoice Easter Sunday,” Mr. Reeves mentioned in a press release. “As we replicate on the loss of life and resurrection on this Easter Sunday, we now have religion that we are going to all rise collectively.”

The storms struck because the virus ravaged pockets throughout the South, the place public well being officers fear potentially devastating effects due to a mixture of unhealthy well being, poverty and flimsy insurance coverage choices for the working poor.

A examine involving chloroquine is stopped over considerations of deadly coronary heart issues.

A small examine of chloroquine, which is intently associated to the hydroxychloroquine drug that Mr. Trump has promoted, was halted in Brazil after virus patients taking a higher dose developed irregular heart rates that elevated their danger of a probably deadly arrhythmia.

The examine, which concerned 81 hospitalized sufferers within the metropolis of Manaus, was sponsored by the Brazilian state of Amazonas. Roughly half the contributors have been prescribed 450 milligrams of chloroquine twice every day for 5 days, whereas the remaining have been prescribed 600 milligrams for 10 days.

Inside three days, researchers began noticing coronary heart arrhythmias in sufferers taking the upper dose. By the sixth day of therapy, 11 sufferers had died, resulting in a right away finish to the high-dose section of the trial.

The researchers mentioned the examine didn’t have sufficient sufferers within the lower-dose trial to conclude whether or not chloroquine was efficient in sufferers with extreme instances of Covid-19, the illness attributable to the virus.

Sufferers within the trial have been additionally given the antibiotic azithromycin, which carries the identical coronary heart danger. Hospitals in the US are utilizing azithromycin to deal with virus sufferers, usually together with hydroxychloroquine.

Mr. Trump has promoted them as a possible treatment for the virus despite little evidence that they work, and regardless of considerations from well being officers. Firms that manufacture each medication are ramping up manufacturing.

Requested Monday whether or not the World Well being Group would suggest utilizing both chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine to deal with virus sufferers, Dr. Michael Ryan, the chief director of the group’s well being emergencies program, mentioned: “There is no such thing as a empirical proof from randomized managed trials that they’ve labored, and clinicians have additionally been cautioned to look out for unwanted effects of the medication to make sure that first we do no hurt. We eagerly await the result of medical trials which might be underway.”

The pandemic has been accompanied by a harmful surge of false info — an “infodemic,” in response to the World Well being Group. President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia has performed a principal function within the unfold of false info as a part of his wider effort to discredit the West, analysts say.

An investigation by The New York Occasions — involving scores of interviews in addition to a overview of scholarly papers, information experiences and Russian paperwork, tweets and TV exhibits — discovered that Mr. Putin has unfold misinformation on well being points for greater than a decade.

His brokers have repeatedly planted and unfold the concept that viral epidemics — together with flu outbreaks, Ebola and now the coronavirus — have been sown by American scientists. The disinformers have additionally sought to undermine religion within the security of vaccines, a triumph of public well being that Mr. Putin himself promotes at residence.

Moscow’s intention, consultants say, is to painting American officers as enjoying down the well being alarms and thus posing critical threats to public security.

“It’s all about seeding lack of belief in authorities establishments,” Peter Pomerantsev, the creator of “Nothing Is True and Every part Is Attainable,” a 2014 book on Kremlin disinformation, mentioned in an interview.

The State Department recently accused Russia of utilizing hundreds of social media accounts to unfold coronavirus misinformation, together with a conspiracy idea that the US engineered the pandemic.

The Supreme Court docket will hear arguments in Might by telephone.

The Supreme Court docket on Monday outlined its plan for assembly throughout the pandemic, saying that it will hear arguments by phone over six days in Might, together with instances on subpoenas from prosecutors and Congress searching for the president’s monetary information.

“In line with public well being steerage in response to Covid-19,” a information launch from the courtroom mentioned, “the justices and counsel will all take part remotely. The courtroom anticipates offering a reside audio feed of those arguments to information media. Particulars will likely be shared as they turn out to be out there.”

The courtroom mentioned arguments can be heard on Might 4, 5, 6, 11, 12 and 13, and it listed the 10 units of arguments it will hear. But it surely didn’t say which instances can be heard when. That will rely, the courtroom mentioned, on “the supply of counsel.”

The courtroom mentioned it will additionally hear arguments over whether or not members of the Electoral Faculty should solid their votes as they’d pledged to do.

The virus contingency plans got here because the courtroom was requested to rethink a call in mild of the pandemic. Three states asked the court to revisit a January ruling that allowed the Trump administration to maneuver ahead with plans to disclaim inexperienced playing cards to immigrants who make even occasional and minor use of public advantages like Medicaid.

New York, Connecticut and Vermont, together with New York Metropolis, requested the justices to briefly droop the brand new program in mild of the coronavirus pandemic.

“Each one that doesn’t get the well being protection they want at the moment dangers infecting one other individual with the coronavirus tomorrow,” mentioned Letitia James, New York’s lawyer common. “Immigrants present us with well being care, take care of our aged, put together and ship our meals, clear our hospitals and public areas, and tackle so many different important roles in our society, which is why we should always all be working to make testing and well being protection out there to each single individual on this nation, no matter immigration standing.”

The pandemic, the movement mentioned, had modified the authorized calculus and justified loosening the administration’s new necessities for the so-called public cost rule.

‘The player-coaches for the true world.’

As People hunker down throughout the pandemic, free health exercises, lots of them delightfully low-tech, have multiplied on social media platforms.

Reporting was contributed by Tim Arango, Mike Baker, Peter Baker, Alan Blinder, Jonah Engel Bromwich, Emily Cochrane, Michael Cooper, Jason DeParle, Sandra E. Garcia, Thomas Gibbons-Neff, Christine Hauser, Jack Healy, John Ismay, Annie Karni, Clifford Krauss, Adam Liptak, Jeffery C. Mays, Jesse McKinley, Aimee Ortiz, Alan Rappeport, Dagny Salas, Marc Santora, Karen Schwartz, Eliza Shapiro, Knvul Sheikh, Eileen Sullivan, Vanessa Swales, Jim Tankersley, Katie Thomas and Michael Wines.





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