China Defends Its Coronavirus Response


The Chinese language authorities on Sunday strongly defended its dealing with of the coronavirus, pushing again at criticism that officers had suppressed early reviews of the outbreak and contending as a substitute that China had set a robust instance for how you can fight it.

A prime Chinese language official mentioned at a information convention in Beijing that the federal government and state information media had supplied early, well timed and intensive data because the first instances appeared in Hubei Province late final yr. In an obvious reference to the Trump administration’s numerous assertions that China is accountable for the following world pandemic, he complained bitterly about what he described as overseas lies and slanders.

“These are utterly unwarranted and unreasonable,” mentioned the official, Xu Lin, who oversees the State Council Data Workplace. On Sunday the company revealed an in depth report on China’s epidemic response.

Ma Xiaowei, the minister answerable for the Nationwide Well being Fee, additionally mentioned that China had “not delayed in any means” the discharge of details about the illness.

The report is an try by the Chinese language authorities to supply a complete narrative for the epidemic, ignoring any early missteps. It describes native and provincial officers as having faithfully carried out the directions of the central authorities, with out mentioning that a few of these officers had been hurriedly changed after preliminary issues.

Critics have identified that whereas Chinese language scientists moved shortly to determine the brand new virus and share their findings internationally, political leaders had been slower to behave, ordering police investigations of medical doctors who tried to sound the alarm in late December.

Because the U.S. and different international locations wrestle to carry their outbreaks beneath management, China has largely returned to regular life, with its final remaining high-risk space, a district within the northeastern metropolis of Jilin, decreasing its epidemic response degree on Sunday. The federal government reported six new instances throughout the nation on Sunday, together with 5 that originated overseas and one which was transmitted domestically within the southern island province of Hainan. Because the outbreak started, the Chinese language mainland has recorded greater than 89,000 instances and greater than 4,600 deaths.

With states starting to permit various levels of financial reopening, giant protests towards police brutality being held in dozens of cities and hotter climate inviting folks outdoors, forecasters monitoring the Covid-19 pandemic in the USA are approaching a tough juncture.

Whereas the portrait of the nation over all has improved considerably in current weeks, epidemiologists have cautioned that completely different states are more likely to expertise very completely different challenges now in measuring and controlling the virus’s unfold.

In line with data compiled by The New York Occasions, greater than a 3rd of states are nonetheless seeing new infections rising. However as lots of them transfer forward with reopening plans, their outcomes could rely on components like how pressured their well being care programs have been and the way far they’re alongside the curve.

In some comparatively giant states equivalent to North Carolina and Arizona, elevated testing means that infections are nonetheless climbing shortly and will spike additional as extra folks enterprise out.

In one other group are states which have achieved modest declines in new instances, however the place the sheer variety of folks already contaminated stays the primary supply of concern. Whilst states equivalent to Maryland or Connecticut have seen small declines in new infections, each nonetheless have alarmingly excessive counts per capita, which have taxed well being care programs for weeks.

The worry for states within the second class is that with scores of individuals already contaminated, current declines might be shortly erased by means of elevated social contact within the months forward, threatening well being care programs anew.

When the coronavirus arrived in Japan, folks did what they usually do: They placed on masks.

Face coverings are nothing new there. Throughout flu and hay fever seasons, trains are crowded with commuters half-hidden behind white surgical masks. Staff with colds, anxious in regards to the stigma of lacking work, throw one on and soldier into the workplace.

Japan has reported greater than 17,000 infections and simply over 900 deaths, whereas the USA, with a inhabitants roughly two and a half occasions as giant, has topped 1.9 million cases and is approaching 110,000 deaths.

“Japan, I believe lots of people agree, type of did all the things mistaken, with poor social distancing, karaoke bars nonetheless open and public transit packed close to the zone the place the worst outbreaks had been occurring,” Jeremy Howard, a researcher on the College of San Francisco who has studied the use of masks, mentioned of the nation’s early response. “However the one factor that Japan did proper was masks.”

In the course of the pandemic, scientists have discovered a correlation between excessive ranges of mask-wearing — whether or not as a matter of tradition or coverage — and success in containing the virus.

“I believe there’s positively proof popping out of Covid that Japan, in addition to different international locations which apply mask-wearing, are likely to do a lot better in flattening the curve,” mentioned Akiko Iwasaki, a professor of immunobiology at Yale.

Prince William counts as one amongst 1000’s of British volunteers aiding on a disaster assist line in the course of the coronavirus lockdown, Kensington Palace introduced in a message marking the tip of Volunteers’ Week.

“I’m going to share slightly secret with you guys, however I’m truly on the platform volunteering,” Prince William, the Duke of Cambridge, mentioned throughout a video name through which he and his spouse, Catherine Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge, thanked volunteers for his or her work.

In a press release, Kensington Palace said the Duke has been volunteering for Shout85258, the nation’s first 24/7 disaster textual content line, which the couple launched in 2019 with Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex.

“The Duke is considered one of greater than 2000 Disaster Volunteers who’re skilled to assist anybody, anytime, no matter their disaster could also be,” the palace mentioned. “Final month, the Duke and Duchess marked the service’s first anniversary by talking to 5 Shout volunteers through video name.”

Greater than 300,000 textual content conversations have taken place between volunteers and folks needing psychological well being assist, The Associated Press reported. Greater than half of the folks texting are beneath 25 years of age.

In the full eight-minute video that the palace shared on social media, Ms. Middleton famous that though the coronavirus pandemic has been “such stress for everyone,” communities have pulled collectively and folks have stepped as much as volunteer.

There have been at the least 284,800 confirmed instances of the coronavirus in Britain, in line with the British public health authorities. At the least 40,000 folks have died from the virus.

Brazil’s authorities on Friday eliminated complete numbers on coronavirus instances and deaths from the Well being Ministry’s web site, claiming with out providing proof that state officers had been reporting inflated figures to safe extra federal funding.

Carlos Wizard, a businessman just lately appointed by President Jair Bolsonaro to a prime job within the ministry, advised the newspaper O Globo on Friday that the federal government suspects state officers have been together with deaths from different causes within the coronavirus tallies they report back to the federal authorities.

“Native officers, pushed purely by a need to get extra funding for his or her cities, labeled everybody as Covid,” Wizard mentioned. “We’re reviewing these deaths.”

The accusation outraged public well being consultants. A number of famous that Brazil has a classy well being surveillance system and that there’s a broad consensus amongst epidemiologists {that a} lack of testing worldwide has resulted in a gross undercount of deaths from Covid-19, the illness brought on by the coronavirus. And an analysis by The New York Times discovered that coronavirus deaths in 5 Brazilian cities seemed to be vastly underreported.

Mr. Bolsonaro has come beneath withering criticism at residence and overseas for his cavalier dealing with of the pandemic. He has sabotaged quarantine pointers issued on the state degree, calling them ruinous for financial development. On Friday, he threatened to pull Brazil out of the World Health Organization, which has urged international locations with rising outbreaks to undertake social distancing pointers.

As of Saturday, Brazil had greater than 669,000 confirmed instances, second solely to the USA, and greater than 35,000 deaths. In current days, Brazil has led the world within the variety of new deaths reported every day.

The Nationwide Council of Well being Secretaries, which represents municipal well being officers, referred to as Mr. Wizard’s accusation outrageous.

“This authoritarian, insensitive, inhumane and unethical try to erase individuals who have died from Covid-19 will fail,” the council mentioned. “We’re not mercenaries of dying.”

Because the nation’s caseload exploded in current weeks, Mr. Bolsonaro fired his well being minister and changed him with a physician who lasted lower than a month on the job.

Since mid-Could, the well being ministry has been led by an energetic obligation normal with no medical expertise, and navy officers have stepped into a number of prime jobs as profession well being officers resigned.

From London to Sydney, crowds of individuals around the globe defied public well being warnings and turned out in solidarity with U.S. protesters calling for justice within the dying of an African-American man, George Floyd, killed in coverage custody in Minneapolis. Well being consultants have warned that the demonstrations could accelerate the spread of the coronavirus, particularly amongst folks not carrying masks.

In Australia, large crowds turned out in Sydney, Melbourne and plenty of different communities in assist of the Black Lives Matter motion calling for an finish to systemic racism and Aboriginal deaths in police custody.

The well being minister in Britain urged residents to not collect for demonstrations in London, Manchester and Birmingham. However giant crowds appeared — regardless of the chilly climate, the rain and warnings by the police that mass gatherings would violate the rule that solely six folks from completely different households may collect outdoors in the course of the pandemic.

Police in Northern Ireland announced on Saturday that organizers of “Black Lives Matter” protests in Belfast and Derry can be reported to the Public Prosecution Service for breaking coronavirus restrictions.

“We estimate there have been lower than 500 folks in attendance at every occasion and a big variety of Group Decision Notices (CRNS) and fines had been issued,” mentioned Assistant Chief Constable Alan Todd, who added that “Well being Safety Laws are in place to guard us all throughout this pandemic and it’s everybody’s accountability to stick to them to guard our society.”

In Paris, on a day the Palace of Versailles reopened to guests and vacationers, the authorities barred folks from gathering in entrance of the USA Embassy, however 1000’s protested there anyway within the late afternoon, in addition to close to the Eiffel Tower, echoing a protest earlier this week that drew practically 20,000 folks in reminiscence of Adama Traoré, a Frenchman who died in police custody in 2016. On Friday, police officially banned protests on the Champ-de-Mars for June 6, citing coronavirus considerations.

And within the German cities of Berlin and Cologne, 1000’s responded to social media calls to take to the streets to honor Mr. Floyd. The protests got here after per week of demonstrations in cities like Hamburg and Frankfurt.

Fury towards racism and police brutality has additionally introduced crowds into the streets of Belgium, Canada, Sweden and Zimbabwe. In different components of the world:

  • Artwork Basel, the centerpiece of the European artwork market calendar, is canceled. The 50th anniversary version of the occasion in Basel, Switzerland, was to characteristic greater than 250 worldwide galleries and had already been postponed.

  • Saudi Arabia reimposed a curfew within the Pink Sea metropolis of Jeddah from three p.m. to six a.m. for 2 weeks beginning on Saturday, halted prayers within the metropolis’s mosques and suspended work in places of work due to an increase within the unfold of the coronavirus, the state information company SPA reported.

  • Russia on Saturday reported 8,855 new instances of the coronavirus, pushing the entire variety of infections to 458,689, and 197 deaths prior to now 24 hours. The nationwide dying toll has reached 5,725.

In Corpus Christi, the oil and fuel and trip city on the southeastern coast of Texas, it may be robust to seek out individuals who have skilled the coronavirus’s devastation, and even know somebody who has. However folks hit with job losses or enterprise closures? They’re all over the place.

Theresa Thompson has been furloughed from her place as a catering and occasions supervisor at a Vacation Inn. Richard Lomax has seen gross sales fall by greater than 90 p.c on the two eating places his household owns. Brett Oetting, chief govt of the tourism workplace, has been working with numerous companies struggling to navigate the financial collapse.

None of them is aware of anybody native who has been sickened by the virus.

In corners of the USA dealing with monetary damage, however the place the coronavirus hasn’t arrived in full, a New York Times analysis of financial and an infection knowledge helps clarify why some see reopening as lengthy overdue. The sharp disconnect between excessive financial ache and restricted well being affect presents native officers and companies with tough selections, even after Friday’s encouraging jobs report instructed extra of the nation was returning to work.

“Within the first two weeks after they mentioned this was coming, I used to be like, ‘Let’s all keep in, hunker down, and if all of us do that, that may assist whereas we determine what’s going on,’” mentioned Stephanie Anderson, an actual property agent in Satellite tv for pc Seaside, Fla.

However since “locations right here aren’t producing mass dying,” she mentioned, “don’t inform me I can’t open my enterprise in a accountable method.”

Some enterprise homeowners and staff in these communities have embraced reopening due to their firsthand experiences. Many are offended or confused. Others plead for warning. However most agree the virus has not posed the native public well being risk that so many had been anticipating — even whereas acknowledging that things could get worse and the numbers would almost definitely already be increased with extra testing.

Listed below are another current developments on the financial affect of the pandemic:

The weekend forward of New York Metropolis’s begin of gradual reopening, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo reported 35 new coronavirus deaths statewide, a drop of seven from the day earlier than and the bottom day by day complete within the final two months.

“That is actually, actually excellent news in comparison with the place we had been,” Mr. Cuomo mentioned Saturday throughout his day by day briefing in Albany. “This can be a massive sigh of aid.”

Beneath Section 1 of reopening, set to start Monday, retail shops can be allowed to open for curbside or in-store pickup, and nonessential development and manufacturing can resume, returning as many as 400,000 folks to the work power.

“You need to speak about a turnaround — this one, my associates, goes to go within the historical past books,” Mr. Cuomo mentioned. “There isn’t a state in the USA that has gone from the place we had been to the place we’re.”

Mr. Cuomo additionally introduced he was increasing the occupancy pointers for homes of worship, which may now admit as much as 25 p.c of the constructing’s occupancy. It’s unclear if the measure applies statewide or solely in places which have reached Section 2. All areas of the state besides New York Metropolis are in the first or second phase of reopening.

  • Up to date June 5, 2020

    • How many individuals have misplaced their jobs resulting from coronavirus within the U.S.?

      The unemployment fee fell to 13.three p.c in Could, the Labor Division mentioned on June 5, an sudden enchancment within the nation’s job market as hiring rebounded sooner than economists anticipated. Economists had forecast the unemployment fee to extend to as a lot as 20 p.c, after it hit 14.7 p.c in April, which was the very best because the authorities started holding official statistics after World Battle II. However the unemployment fee dipped as a substitute, with employers including 2.5 million jobs, after greater than 20 million jobs had been misplaced in April.

    • Will protests set off a second viral wave of coronavirus?

      Mass protests towards police brutality which have introduced 1000’s of individuals onto the streets in cities throughout America are elevating the specter of recent coronavirus outbreaks, prompting political leaders, physicians and public well being consultants to warn that the crowds could cause a surge in cases. Whereas many political leaders affirmed the appropriate of protesters to precise themselves, they urged the demonstrators to put on face masks and preserve social distancing, each to guard themselves and to stop additional neighborhood unfold of the virus. Some infectious illness consultants had been reassured by the truth that the protests had been held outdoor, saying the open air settings may mitigate the danger of transmission.

    • How will we begin exercising once more with out hurting ourselves after months of lockdown?

      Train researchers and physicians have some blunt recommendation for these of us aiming to return to common train now: Start slowly and then rev up your workouts, also slowly. American adults tended to be about 12 p.c much less energetic after the stay-at-home mandates started in March than they had been in January. However there are steps you possibly can take to ease your means again into common train safely. First, “begin at not more than 50 p.c of the train you had been doing earlier than Covid,” says Dr. Monica Rho, the chief of musculoskeletal drugs on the Shirley Ryan AbilityLab in Chicago. Thread in some preparatory squats, too, she advises. “While you haven’t been exercising, you lose muscle mass.” Anticipate some muscle twinges after these preliminary, post-lockdown periods, particularly a day or two later. However sudden or rising ache throughout train is a clarion name to cease and return residence.

    • My state is reopening. Is it secure to exit?

      States are reopening bit by bit. Because of this extra public areas can be found to be used and increasingly companies are being allowed to open once more. The federal authorities is essentially leaving the choice as much as states, and a few state leaders are leaving the choice as much as native authorities. Even in case you aren’t being advised to remain at residence, it’s nonetheless a good suggestion to restrict journeys outdoors and your interplay with different folks.

    • What’s the danger of catching coronavirus from a floor?

      Touching contaminated objects after which infecting ourselves with the germs is just not sometimes how the virus spreads. However it could occur. A quantity of studies of flu, rhinovirus, coronavirus and different microbes have proven that respiratory diseases, together with the brand new coronavirus, can unfold by touching contaminated surfaces, significantly in locations like day care facilities, places of work and hospitals. However a protracted chain of occasions has to occur for the illness to unfold that means. The easiest way to guard your self from coronavirus — whether or not it’s floor transmission or shut human contact — remains to be social distancing, washing your palms, not touching your face and carrying masks.

    • What are the signs of coronavirus?

      Widespread signs include fever, a dry cough, fatigue and difficulty breathing or shortness of breath. A few of these signs overlap with these of the flu, making detection tough, however runny noses and stuffy sinuses are much less widespread. The C.D.C. has also added chills, muscle ache, sore throat, headache and a brand new lack of the sense of style or odor as signs to look out for. Most individuals fall in poor health 5 to seven days after publicity, however signs could seem in as few as two days or as many as 14 days.

    • How can I shield myself whereas flying?

      If air journey is unavoidable, there are some steps you can take to protect yourself. Most necessary: Wash your palms usually, and cease touching your face. If potential, select a window seat. A study from Emory University discovered that in flu season, the most secure place to sit down on a aircraft is by a window, as folks sitting in window seats had much less contact with doubtlessly sick folks. Disinfect laborious surfaces. While you get to your seat and your palms are clear, use disinfecting wipes to wash the laborious surfaces at your seat like the top and arm relaxation, the seatbelt buckle, the distant, display screen, seat again pocket and the tray desk. If the seat is tough and nonporous or leather-based or pleather, you possibly can wipe that down, too. (Utilizing wipes on upholstered seats may result in a moist seat and spreading of germs reasonably than killing them.)

    • Ought to I put on a masks?

      The C.D.C. has recommended that every one People put on fabric masks in the event that they exit in public. This can be a shift in federal steerage reflecting new concerns that the coronavirus is being spread by infected people who have no symptoms. Till now, the C.D.C., just like the W.H.O., has suggested that atypical folks don’t must put on masks except they’re sick and coughing. A part of the explanation was to protect medical-grade masks for well being care staff who desperately want them at a time when they’re in constantly quick provide. Masks don’t substitute hand washing and social distancing.

    • What ought to I do if I really feel sick?

      If you’ve been exposed to the coronavirus or think you have, and have a fever or signs like a cough or issue respiratory, name a physician. They need to offer you recommendation on whether or not you ought to be examined, how you can get examined, and how you can search medical therapy with out doubtlessly infecting or exposing others.


Throughout the Hudson River, Gov. Philip D. Murphy of New Jersey introduced 60 new virus-related deaths Saturday through social media, bringing the state’s toll to 12,106. The determine was a drop from the 79 new deaths reported the day gone by. He additionally reported 606 new confirmed optimistic instances, totaling 163,893 instances within the state.

Whereas New York Metropolis’s shutdown has efficiently flattened the variety of infections, a study has found that the financial price may have been diminished by a 3rd or extra by strategically selecting neighborhoods to shut, calibrating the danger of an infection for native residents and staff with the affect on native jobs.

For the primary time in three months there’s a scent of financial optimism within the air. Employers added thousands and thousands of jobs to their payrolls in Could, and the jobless fee fell, a giant shock to forecasters who anticipated additional losses. Companies are reopening, and the speed of coronavirus deaths has edged down. The Trump administration has begun pointing to what are more likely to be spectacular development numbers because the economic system begins to tug out of its deep gap.

All of that’s excellent news. However there are clear indicators that the collapse of financial exercise has set in movement issues that can play out over many months, or possibly a few years. If not contained, they may trigger human distress on a mass scale and create lasting scars for households.

The material of the economic system has been ripped, with harm finished to thousands and thousands of interconnections — between staff and employers, firms and their suppliers, debtors and lenders. Each the historic proof from extreme financial crises and the information obtainable right this moment level to monumental delayed results.

Whereas the federal government can’t wave a wand and produce again industries which are semi-permanently shuttered, it could act — and has acted — to attempt to maintain demand for items and providers at pre-crisis ranges. That, in flip, can easy the trail for different sectors to develop so that there’s not a chronic melancholy of jobs, revenue and funding, with a ensuing discount within the economic system’s long-term potential.

How the coronavirus would possibly have an effect on pregnant ladies and newborns has been a serious concern because the outbreaks started. A new report in the medical journal JAMA has each reassuring and worrisome findings, with caveats that there’s restricted knowledge and nonetheless a lot unknown.

Up to now, in comparison with the final inhabitants, pregnant ladies don’t appear to have an elevated danger of extreme sickness in the event that they contract the virus, the report mentioned. Of 147 pregnant ladies with Covid-19 in China, Eight p.c had extreme illness and 1 p.c had crucial sickness — charges that had been truly decrease than these in the remainder of the inhabitants, the place 14 p.c had extreme illness and 6 p.c had been critically in poor health. In New York Metropolis, a report on 43 pregnant ladies with Covid-19 discovered that their charges of extreme illness had been much like these in different adults.

However whether or not the an infection may cause beginning defects, miscarriage, untimely beginning or stillbirth is just not but identified. Newborns have turn out to be contaminated, but it surely’s not clear whether or not they contracted the virus earlier than, throughout or after beginning, or if breastfeeding can transmit the virus.

Even so, the report says that for girls who’re questioning whether or not this can be a secure time to conceive, “primarily based on restricted knowledge, there doesn’t appear to be a compelling cause to advocate delaying being pregnant.”

For years, Gildo Negri visited faculties to share his tales about blowing up bridges and slicing electrical wires to sabotage Nazis and fascists throughout World Battle II. In January, the 89-year-old made one other go to, leaving his nursing residence outdoors Milan to assist college students plant timber in honor of Italians deported to focus camps.

However on the finish of February, as Europe’s first outbreak of the coronavirus unfold by means of Mr. Negri’s nursing residence, it fatally contaminated him, too.

The virus, which is so deadly to the previous, has hastened the departure of those final witnesses and compelled the cancellation of commemorations. It has additionally created a possibility for rising political forces who search to recast the historical past of the final century with a view to play a higher position in remaking the current one.

All through Europe, radical right-wing events with histories of Holocaust denial, Mussolini infatuation and fascist motifs have gained traction in recent times.

A lot of the eye to the toll Covid-19 has taken on older adults has rightly centered on long-term care amenities. Their residents and workers account for nearly 40 p.c of the nation’s deaths, in line with an up to date New York Times analysis.

However much more People — practically six million, by one estimate — depend on paid residence care than live-in nursing houses and assisted dwelling mixed. And each staff and purchasers have trigger for fear.

Much more than nursing residence workers, residence care staff are poorly paid hourly staff and sometimes lack medical insurance; half depend on some type of public help. Not solely do many residence care staff serve a number of purchasers every week, however to piece collectively a dwelling they could concurrently work for a number of companies or for nursing houses, or maintain outdoors jobs.

These situations improve an infection dangers, and never just for their frail older purchasers. Nearly a 3rd of residence care staff, a closely feminine work power, are themselves over 55, and most are black or Hispanic, teams which have proved significantly weak to Covid-19.

Private protecting tools, or P.P.E., has proved laborious to accumulate, nonetheless. With hospitals and nursing houses scrambling for provides, “this was the forgotten sector,” mentioned Dr. Nathan Stall, a geriatrician on the College of Toronto.

“Residence care staff are most likely unknowingly concerned within the transmission of Covid-19, particularly after they’re not outfitted with ample P.P.E.,” he added.

When the nation was beneath lockdown, at the least the principles had been principally clear. Important staff ventured out; everybody else sheltered in.

Now states are lifting restrictions, however detailed steerage about navigating the trivia of on a regular basis life remains to be laborious to come back by — and anyway, there’s by no means going to be a prepared resolution to each problematic circumstance you might encounter.

As you tiptoe towards normalization — no matter that’s, given these occasions — attempt to comply with three precautions: keep away from contact, confinement and crowds. And make real looking selections.

It is advisable to proceed with social distancing precautions. Which means carrying masks, washing palms properly and sometimes, and holding a six-foot distance from each other. No hugs, no handshakes.

Any 15-minute face-to-face dialog between people who find themselves inside six toes of each other constitutes shut contact, mentioned Dr. Muge Cevik, an skilled on infectious ailments and virology at College of Saint Andrews Faculty of Medication in Scotland.

Indoor actions in confined enclosed areas, even giant ones, are extra conducive to spreading the virus than occasions held outdoors, particularly if the air contained in the constructing is being recirculated or the home windows don’t open.

Giant teams are dangerous, even outdoor. They imply extra folks, extra contacts — and extra potential sources of an infection.

Folks at high risk for developing severe disease if they become infected with the coronavirus — together with these 65 and over, residents of nursing houses and long-term care amenities, folks with compromised immune programs, persistent lung or kidney illness, coronary heart situations or extreme weight problems — will need to take the best of precautions.

However younger wholesome adults and youngsters must also take into account the safety of individuals round them, together with members of the family, colleagues or associates who’re weak, mentioned Dr. Barbara Taylor, an infectious illness specialist at The College of Texas Well being Science Middle at San Antonio.

Reporting was contributed by Keith Bradsher, Aimee Ortiz, Neil Irwin, Andrea Salcedo, Zach Montague, Michael H. Keller, Steve Eder, Karl Russell, Denise Grady, Ernesto Londoño, Letícia Casado, Jason Horowitz, Damien Cave, Livia Albeck-Ripka, Iliana Magra, Ceylan Yeginsu, Elian Peltier, Yonette Joseph, Roni Rabin, Eduardo Porter, Patricia Cohen, Ernesto Londoño, Manuela Andreoni, Leticia Casado, Ben Casselman and Paula Span.





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